Pages in category "17th-century Dutch painters" The following 33 pages are in this category, out of 33 total. Another reason printmaking became so popular with Dutch artists in the 16th and 17th centuries is because large-scale production allowed the dissemination of an artist’s work to far outstretch what was possible for a single, “Logistically, you can look all the way back to somebody like, who, early on, recognized that he’d be a more successful, better-known artist using the printed medium as opposed to painting,” says Weyman, “because of the painstaking amount of time it took to make a painting and it being a singular thing versus being able to make a virtuoso engraving that everyone wanted and talked about that you could make a hundred copies of.”. Early in this period, many portraits conformed to longstanding conventions, using formal, impersonal poses to convey the sitter’s distinguished status. The Golden Age: Dutch Painters of the Seventeenth Century. To learn more about the market for Dutch prints, our editors spoke to Todd Weyman, Vice President and Director of Prints & Drawings at, , who explained what he believes to be responsible for the enduring spirit of Dutch art. Though his style changed, Bol continued for a time to work off the same subjects as Rembrandt, notably historical subjects and portraits. Gift of George M. and Linda H. Kaufman $2,000 – $3,000 via Swann Auction Galleries (May 2018). One subset of particular interest is prints by Dutch artists of the 16th and 17th century, which includes engravings and etchings from printmaking artists like, In the 16th century, Dutch artists began to understand the power of prints as a way to enhance their reputation and access a new group of collectors.Â, Leading up to and during the Dutch Golden Age, which is roughly defined as spanning the 17th century, Dutch artists perfected the techniques of. . $3,000 – $5,000 via Swann Auction Galleries (May 2018). There, anything that’s more erotic and less religious is helpful. 17th-century Dutch still lifes offer remarkably vivid illusions of reality. The flourishing Dutch economy in the 17th century greatly expanded the market for portraiture. Jan Steen (1626-1679) Predominantly a genre painter (the third highest in the genre hierarchy of its … Click here to explore the full catalog of Old Master Through Modern Prints at Swann Galleries (May 8). Eustace,” circa 1591. After she attended Utrecht University, she became a gifted writer, linguist, poet, and artist. Women artists of the time tended, like their male counterparts, to focus on portraits of individuals, religious themes, and still life paintings. Hendrik Terbrugghen (1588-1629) Flute Players (1621) Staatliche Kunstsammlungen, Kassel. The Golden Age: Dutch Painters of the Seventeenth Century book was sent in a very timely manner. “Whether it’s moralizing or more generic landscapes with Biblical subjects that are sort of tucked away in the background – those are really popular images still today,” says Weyman. van Schurman was the first female university student in Europe. Some genre paintings are decidedly humorous and satirical, while others offer a more sympathetic view of their subjects. By the early 1600s, printmakers in Italy like, were making inventive, original prints just before Rembrandt started etching in the 1630s. During the last quarter of the seventeenth century he was Holland’s leading seascape artist, with royal and noble patrons throughout Europe. View Down a Dutch Canal, c. 1670 In terms of the most collected artists, it’s their virtuosity and their ability to amaze us with what they can do. Paul Mellon Fund and Greg and Candy Fazakerley Fund were inspired to create engravings by the art of Italy, which in turn influenced Dutch artists like Goltzius. Painters like Annibale and Agostino Carracci were inspired to create engravings by the art of Italy, which in turn influenced Dutch artists like Goltzius. Goltzius and his followers straddled the line between reproductive and original prints. Update your email preferences at any time. Today, remaining examples of those prints are still in high demand. “If you have an eclectic collection that reaches into the 20th century and beyond, why not dip back into the Old Masters and find images that speak to the things you have on the wall already?”. . A Watermill (1665-8) oil on canvas, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam. Patrons' Permanent Fund $5,000 – $8,000 via Swann Auction Galleries (May 2018). Painters like. Meryle Secrest, Duveen: A Life in Art … Like his contemporaries, Rembrandt’s prints rarely copied his paintings outright, but rather paralleled the subjects he preferred, including Biblical subjects, portraits, and genre scenes.The artist was also a collector of prints himself and owned works by Durer, Callot, and others. Weyman notes, “The humanity is always what comes to me first: we relate to it because we can still see ourselves back then in what these artists are saying and what they’re struggling with. Few items from centuries past are as widely collected as prints. Jan van der Heyden Dutch prints require proper matting and storage, but are surprisingly resistant to fading and browning and as such make a great addition to any collection. In terms of the most collected artists, it’s their virtuosity and their ability to amaze us with what they can do. One subset of particular interest is prints by Dutch artists of the 16th and 17th century, which includes engravings and etchings from printmaking artists like Hendrick Goltzius and Rembrandt van Rijn. Viewers delighted in artists’ consummate skill in capturing the effects of light on a wide range of materials and textures, sometimes creating artworks that tricked viewers, if only momentarily, into mistaking the paintings for real objects. Dutch artists visiting Rome painted views of the Italian countryside, reminding us that Dutch viewers were enchanted by foreign vistas as well. Famous Paintings By Dutch Realist Painters. van Schurman was the first female university student in Europe. Italianate painters, group of 17th-century northern European painters, principally Dutch, who traveled in Italy and, consciously adopting the style of landscape painting that they found there, incorporated Italian models and motifs into their own works. Hendrick Goltzius were established enough as a collecting category that publishing houses would commission artists to create a drawing, either an original or a reproduction of a painting, and then print the work for collectors in a process not unlike what occurs at many publishing houses today. The Dutch Art Market in the Seventeenth Century: Introduction. By the mid-1500s, prints were established enough as a collecting category that publishing houses would commission artists to create a drawing, either an original or a reproduction of a painting, and then print the work for collectors in a process not unlike what occurs at many publishing houses today. Interestingly, artists worked on distinct genres of paintings and produced bulk of their works. Those two things to me are key.”. Whether comical or dignified, these paintings reveal much about the social activities and values of the time: a Dutch woman busy with household chores, peasants enjoying an evening at a local tavern, or a suitor’s call on an eligible young lady. The market for his works is heating up again after about a decade of cooling, but you can still find a relative steal. Left: Rembrandt van Rijn, “The Angel Appearing to the Shepherds,” circa 1634. Ferdinand Bol, “Portrait of an Officer (Self-Portrait),” circa 1645. Dutch painters of the seventeenth century, along with faience-makers, printers, bookbinders, glassmakers, embroiderers, art-dealers, sculptors were bound together in local trade organizations called the Guild of Saint Luke. 2001.71.1. The vast reach of the Dutch commercial empire can be seen in the imported Chinese porcelain, lemons and spices, and exotic flora and fauna that appear in many of these works. “You start to see more artists having individual style, if that’s the way to put it, and moving away from ‘reproducing’ artwork towards the late 1500s,” says Weyman. New York: Stewart, Tabori, and Chang, 1996. The National Gallery of Art serves the nation by welcoming all people to explore and experience art, creativity, and our shared humanity. The National Gallery of Art and Sculpture Garden are temporarily closed. Learn more. Their durability and artistry resulted in a long tradition of collecting by contemporary and later audiences. These prints were often in the manner of. Says Weyman, “there are still a number of collectors out there who don’t recognize that you can buy a legitimate 17th century etching printed by Rembrandt for ten or twenty thousand dollars. The 36 or so of his paintings that survive show a remarkable purity of light and form. These organizations dated back to the middle ages. Local art markets were protected from external artistic production by imposing fines. van Ostade resided in Haarlem, where he was likely trained by the painter, and introduced to the work of Flemish genre painter. is an homage to Dutch 17th century etchings. “Logistically, you can look all the way back to somebody like Albrecht Durer who, early on, recognized that he’d be a more successful, better-known artist using the printed medium as opposed to painting,” says Weyman, “because of the painstaking amount of time it took to make a painting and it being a singular thing versus being able to make a virtuoso engraving that everyone wanted and talked about that you could make a hundred copies of.”. Closed, Sculpture Garden Jacques Callot, “Balli de Sfessania,” circa 1631. For details of European collections containing works illustrating Dutch Realist genre painting or still lifes, see: Art Museums in Europe . In addition, says Weyman, “I would have to say the Mannerists are doing very well, within the last several years their market’s really picked up – Goltzius, , that group. “If you look at the history of prints in a linear way like that, [Rembrandt] and his contemporaries are the first who are doing such an original thing.”, was a member of a family of artists spanning four generations. Hendrick Avercamp (1585-1634) A Scene on the Ice Near a Town (1615) National Gallery, London. Stay up to date about our exhibitions, news, programs, and special offers. Rembrandt's art was characterized by his sweeping Biblical narratives, stunning attention to detail, and masterful use of chiaroscuro, the painterly application of light and shadow. The sea, which promised both profit and peril, was also a compelling subject. The guilds' principal function was to regulate commerce of artists and artisans and to control the education of young artists and painters. This organization enables the inclusion of more artists than one finds in other sources. The Dutch Golden Age (Dutch: Gouden Eeuw [ˈɣʌudə(n) ˈeːu]) was a period in the history of the Netherlands, roughly spanning the era from 1581 (the birth of the Dutch Republic) to 1672 (the Rampjaar, "Disaster Year"), in which Dutch trade, science, and art and the Dutch military were among the most acclaimed in the world. Thank you to the Friends of the Lawrence Public Library. He created both, but is most widely known for engravings of earlier Mannerist works produced between 1585 and 1589. Rembrandt created over 300 etchings and drypoints during his career. Prostitution was regulated in the late medieval cities of Western Europe, where it was restricted to partic… Hieronymus Bosch, “‘Die Blau Schuyte:’ The Ship of Depravity,” circa 1559. West Building Gift of George M. and Linda H. Kaufman 2012.73.2. Last major Dutch landscape painter of the 17th century. Right: Rembrandt van Rijn, Self-Portrait in a Flat Cap and Embroidered Dress, circa 1642. There, anything that’s more erotic and less religious is helpful. History paintings depict not only contemporary events but also literary subjects, including Greek and Roman mythologies and stories from the Bible. Note: For a guide to this type of art, see: Genre-Painting. The genre evolved from smaller, modest compositions spotlighting locally available goods early in the century to larger, more sumptuous arrays of predominantly foreign commodities. Juliet and Lee Folger/The Folger Fund These prints were often in the manner of Hieronymus Bosch due to the strong market demand for those images. Dutch Paintings of the 17th Century Despite the political and religious turmoil of the Eighty Years’ War (1589–1648), in the early 17th century the northern Netherlands experienced great economic prosperity due to the country’s international maritime trade and high levels of urbanization. The Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Huffington Post | The National Gallery | The J. Paul Getty Museum. Ferdinand Bol was a pupil of Rembrandt in Amsterdam, establishing himself and closely imitating the the style of Rembrandt before stepping out on his own in the 1640s. The Dutch Golden Age was a period in the history of Holland generally spanning the 17th century, during and after the later part of the Eighty Years’ War (1568–1648) for Dutch … The flat countryside also made city skylines into iconic features, and some artists specialized in views of these flourishing urban centers. Vignettes of daily life appear in landscapes both large and small, reflecting a burgeoning sense of national pride. Johannes Vermeer was a Dutch artist known especially for his paintings of 17th-century daily life. Rembrandt’s influence began to assert itself in van Ostade’s work around 1640. was a pupil of Rembrandt in Amsterdam, establishing himself and closely imitating the the style of Rembrandt before stepping out on his own in the 1640s. They were so into the body, looking back at the Renaissance and Classical art.”, Jacques Callot, “Balli de Sfessania,”, Rembrandt van Rijn, “The Angel Appearing to the Shepherds,”, Rembrandt van Rijn, Self-Portrait in a Flat Cap and Embroidered Dress, Hieronymus Bosch, “‘Die Blau Schuyte:’ The Ship of Depravity,”, Ferdinand Bol, “Portrait of an Officer (Self-Portrait),”, Specialists Speak: 17 Most Talked-About Contemporary Artists, The Family Trade: 9 Artistic Dynasties of Western Art, 12 of the Most Extravagant Gifts Ever Given, Louis Vuitton Handbags: Iconic Styles and Price Guide, The Surprising Market for Russian Nesting Dolls, Furoshiki: The Art of Japanese Fabric Wrapping. Bagpipe Player, 1624 Dutch Art of the 17th century The seventeenth century was the "Golden Age" of Dutch painting. During the Dutch Golden Age, which spanned for most part of the 17th century, art burgeoned and thrived at full galore. Although these paintings seem to present unmediated representations of daily life, painters sometimes included objects with symbolic associations that lent their scenes a moralizing character. Their durability and artistry resulted in a long tradition of collecting by contemporary and later audiences. The market for 16th century Dutch prints is led by engravings after paintings by Bruegel and Bosch. Painters rendered the seemingly-plain topography of the Netherlands with extraordinary sensitivity to the subtleties of light and atmosphere. Even so, 17th century Dutch Realism does have a number of unifying or common features, as follows: © 2020 National Gallery of Art   Notices   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy. Exceptionally accurate renderings of ships are common in Dutch seascapes, which ranged from tranquil harbor views to turbulent shipwrecks. Bearded Man with a Beret, c. 1630 It was at this time, however, that he bought his first seventeenth-century Dutch painting, Aelbert Cuyp’s Herdsman Tending Cattle, now at the National Gallery of Art. 4th St and Constitution Ave NW $20,000 – $30,000 via Swann Auction Galleries (May 2018). Closed, East Building Today, remaining examples of those prints are still in high demand. Hendrick Goltzius, “Juno,” circa 1596. At that time, Rome was home to monuments of classical antiquity and modern frescoes by, , and their contemporaries. 2006.172.1. Other 17th century printmakers that remain perennial favorites in the market include close friends or associates of Rembrandt like Ostade and Bol. View our, 6 Dutch Artists and the Art of Golden Age Printmaking, Few items from centuries past are as widely collected as, . “Basically everything you have is going to be under a certain size…you can rotate those mats in and out of frames,” suggests Weyman. Giovanna Garzoni (1600 - 1670) Controversial methods. Below, explore the evolution of Dutch printmaking and discover types of printmaking and the famous printmakers who left their mark on society, both then and now. With a few exceptions, the work of these artists falls into either the Baroque or the Classical style, though sometimes both. The popularity of printmaking in the North is credited in part to the flow of information between Italy and the Netherlands during the 1500s. High-class patronage was considerably lacking in the seventeenth century Dutch Republic, making way for a new form of art marketing in Europe. Albrecht Durer, “St. Although the political and religious turmoil of the Eighty Years’ War (1589–1648) profoundly affected 17th-century Dutch society, direct illustrations of land and sea battles are relatively rare compared to the wealth of biblical paintings from the period. Dutch still life artists - like Willem Claesz Heda, for example - preferred an ultra-realist, polished style of painting, while Rembrandt and some others adopted a looser, more expressionist style of brushwork. After she attended Utrecht University, she became a gifted writer, linguist, poet, and artist. For example, paintings often celebrate the fruits of the Dutch countryside by depicting farmers and herdsmen at work. The collection of Dutch seventeenth-century paintings in the National Gallery of Art includes works by the masters of the Golden Age, including Rembrandt van Rijn, Johannes Vermeer, Frans Hals, and Aelbert Cuyp. While 17th-century Dutch sources used descriptive terms like “merry companies” and “picnics” when referring to scenes of daily life, today we call them “genre paintings.” Artists represented all levels of Dutch society, from rustic beggars and musicians to middle-class citizens and wealthy patricians. For more than a hundred years, it has been suggested that the great 17th-century Dutch master Johannes Vermeer made use … Hendrick ter Brugghen Weyman notes, “The humanity is always what comes to me first: we relate to it because we can still see ourselves back then in what these artists are saying and what they’re struggling with. To learn more about the market for Dutch prints, our editors spoke to Todd Weyman, Vice President and Director of Prints & Drawings at Swann Auction Galleries, who explained what he believes to be responsible for the enduring spirit of Dutch art. Depictions of city and countryside were integral to 17th-century Dutch art. 17th Century Dutch Realist Genre Paintings. Something his hands touched, and inked, and put out there into the world. This list may not reflect recent changes (). However… Skilled portrait painters received commissions from newly wealthy merchants and their wives, members of civic guards, and religious leaders. Nov 24, 2019 - 17th Century Dutch Art. See more ideas about art, dutch painters, dutch golden age. Therefore, from the beginning of the 17th century, Dutch artists started to incorporate these highly valued imports into their paintings. They were so into the body, looking back at the Renaissance and Classical art.”. John Michael Montias began recording details of ownership of works of art from the Gemeentearchief (municipal archive) in Amsterdam in the early 1980s as part of his own work on the prices of Dutch paintings at Amsterdam auctions in the seventeenth century. The history of Dutch art is dominated by the Dutch Golden Age painting, mostly of about 1620 to 1680, when a very distinct style and new types of painting were developed, though still keeping close links with Flemish Baroque painting.There was a healthy artistic climate in Dutch cities during the seventeenth century. Closed. Turning to the 17th century, Rembrandt becomes a ubiquitous part of any discussion of Dutch art. The 17th century was marked by increasingly robust global networks of trade, which brought a great deal of exchange of artistic objects and the global spread of styles. van Schurman’s plate decoration is an homage to Dutch 17th century etchings. Though his style changed, Bol continued for a time to work off the same subjects as Rembrandt, notably historical subjects and portraits. The Dutch Golden Age. $30,000 – $40,000 via Swann Auction Galleries (May 2018). “You start to see more artists having individual style, if that’s the way to put it, and moving away from ‘reproducing’ artwork towards the late 1500s,” says Weyman. As a phenomenon, prostitution has never been absent from Western society, and it has always posed a problem for authorities. That’s pretty amazing.”. van Ostade resided in Haarlem, where he was likely trained by the painter Frans Hals and introduced to the work of Flemish genre painter Adriaen Brouwer. 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