trichocarpa. Balsam Poplar is another ideal tree for medicinal resin buds which grows in and around the Rocky Mountain region. aspen . Capsules split in two halves releasing the cottony seed. , Pliny distinguishes three different species of this plant; the first with thin, capillaceous leaves; the second a crooked scabrous shrub; and the third with smooth rind and of taller growth than the two former.  The Biblical terebinth is Hebrew eloh (אֵלׇה), Pistacia terebinthus L., The Greek word ῥητίνη, used in the Septuagint for translating tsori, denotes a resin of the pine, especially Pinus maritima (πεύκη). The bark, leaf, and dried, unopened leaf buds are used to make medicine. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are greenish. It gets its name from the fra-grance of the resinous, sticky buds. This fruit can also be used to induce abortions. Moreover, if you notice a sweet fragrance from a poplar tree’s opening buds, it is likely to be a balsam poplar. ), and Amyris opobalsamum L., the variant found by Belon in a garden near Cairo, brought there from Arabia Felix. Thanks to its anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anti-rheumatic nature, poplar salve helps to relieve the aches and pains of sore muscles, bruises, and arthritis. Concoction made by infusing the fruit (minus the seed) in olive or almond oil, is used as an ointment for chapped hands, burns and hemorrhoids. Low shrubs associated with balsam poplar include red osier dogwood, mountain maple, bracted honeysuckle, beaked hazel, red raspberry and prickly wild rose. Fun facts 12. 26a). Plant this with plenty of room to grow. Our Balsam poplar is found in northern parts of the United States and Canada. Much inferior to this is the resin pressed from the seeds, the rind, and even from the stems (see Theophrastus, Hist. Fruit pulp has been used as an antiviral agent for poultry and even to treat human AIDS in Nigeria. This zone is dominated by forests. 5:6); and the far-famed tree excited the cupidity of successive invaders. 3:1, 42c). The tree is somewhat different from the two preceding poplars.The branch- (Artocarpeae), and Butea frondosa (Papilionaceae). Available fresh-frozen or expertly dried. You can pre-order at the current price, for delivery in the spring. Especially when grown on clay soils, they should not be planted within 12 metres of buildings since the root system can damage the building's foundations by drying out the soil. The buds of the Balsam Poplar tree (P. balsamifera) are pungent and powerful. , Ödmann and Rosenmüller thought that the pressed juice of the fruit of the zukum-tree (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) or the myrobalanus of the ancients, is the substance denoted; but Rosenmüller, in another place, mentioned the balsam of Mecca (Amyris opobalsamum L., now Commiphora gileadensis (L.) C.Chr.) , Another Hebrew word, bosem (בֹּשֶׂם), Aramaic busema (ܒܣܡܐ), Arabic besham (بشام), appears in various forms throughout the Hebrew Bible. He considered it to be the genuine balsam-plant and named it Amyris opobalsamum Forsk. It is usually translated as "spice, perfume, sweet odour, balsam, balsam-tree".  The similar word tsori (צֹרִי) denotes the adjective "Tyrean", i. e. from the Phoenician city of Tyre. balsamifera. pine pine pine aspen tamarack . It is commonly used as an anthelminthic, and in the treatment of fever, uterine bleeding, syphilis, rheumatism, hepatitis, skin disorders, and stomach and intestinal complaints. Rauwolf and Pococke found the plant occurring at Joppa. ~ Nova Bair. Fruit: Fruits is a green, egg-shaped capsule on the long pendulous catkins. Fruit 12. A database that provides information on more than 200 native tree and shrub species, and on almost 300 insects and 200 diseases found in Canada's forests. There are few trees that are as fragrant as the Balsam Poplar. Tends to sucker with age. Tends to sucker with age. black . Gesenius, Hebrew commentators (Kimchi, Junius, Tremellius, Deodatius), and the Authorized Version (except in Ezek. , Balsam oil was too volatile and flammable to be used as fuel. Overview Information Poplar are trees that grow in Europe, North America, and other temperate regions. In the past, the whole plant has been used as an ingredient in arrow poison with Strophanthus. The leaves of aspen and Eastern cottonwood are deltoids where black cottonwood and balsam poplar are ovate. Balsam apple or balsamina scientifically known as Momordica balsamina is a tendril-bearing annual vine belonging to the family Cucurbitaceae. The tree likes Sun at the location and the soil should be sandy - loamy to loamy . Plus, both copaiba and fir balsam have shown ability to treat cancer, though dosage is critical. Bright red fruit pulp is eaten in Namibia. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 20 - 30 m (66 - 99 ft) high. Aspens and Lombardy poplars, in particular, rarely live more than 20 years. NO. Luther and the Swedish version have "salve", "ointment" in the passages in Jer., but in Ezek. The fragrant heart-shaped leaves turn yellow and gold in fall. Unfortunately, many poplar trees are short-lived.  Related are ξῠλο-βάλσᾰμον (Dioscorides, Strabo) "balsam-wood", and καρπο-βάλσᾰμον (Galen) "the fruit of the balsam".. The resin which covers the winter buds smells strongly especially in spring when the tree buds open. This description, which is not sufficiently characteristic of the plant itself, suits for the most part the Egyptian balsam-shrub found by Belon in a garden near Cairo. Hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-9. The word is probably Semitic. , The German botanist Schweinfurth reconstructed the ancient process of balsam production. At first it is whitish and pellucid, but afterwards it becomes harder and reddish. Whole plant is used as sponge in treating skin disease such as scabies and as tranquilizer in the treatment of mental illness. That is considered to be the best quality which trickles before the appearance of the fruit. It is taken by mothers of newborn babies to boost the production of mother’s milk. manitoba . It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Because of this colour change, the tree is also known as black poplar. Landscape Attributes A slender, upright tree with thin branches, Balsam Poplar is grown chiefly for its delicious scent, which is strongest in spring, just before the leaves unfurl. A slender, upright tree with thin branches, Balsam Poplar is grown chiefly for its delicious scent, which is strongest in spring, just before the leaves unfurl. In Israel the tree grows throughout the country; it grows well in rocky and hilly soils and in brackish water. The heart-shaped leaves are quite large and soft, with a pale green underside, and turn a modest yellow in autumn. The lumber is also useful for pallets, crates and boxes, and is often … The Balsam Poplar is botanically called Populus balsamifera. The 2020 harvest is completely sold. Ripe fruits may have caused the death of dogs and pigs.  βαλσαμίνη (Dioscorides) is the balsam plant. The plant is native to the tropical regions of South Africa, introduced and invasive in Asia, Arabia, India, Australia, and Central America. Pennsylvania. Status.  Palladius names it βάλσαμος and also has βαλσαμουργός, a preparer of balsam. we will begin the spring harvest in March, 2021. The leaves and immature fruits are used in sauces and soups. Leaf sap is apparently a useful metal cleaner and has been used as soap to wash hands and body. In spring and early summer the buds and young leaves have a strong fragrance of balsam[188, 245]. Ovate in outline, rather compressed, up to 11 mm long, light brown, surface sculptured, Spermatophytina (spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames), Momordica balsamina L. (southern balsampear). (together with two other varieties, Amyris kataf Forsk. 26b). The Arabic version and Castell hold it for theriac. Populus balsamifera ssp. All 3 have similar benefits – killing microbes, fighting infections, reducing inflammation, curing cough, and healing wounds and skin conditions like acne, eczema, or rashes. In poplar: Common species. The poplar family of trees, which goes by the name of cottonwood, has representatives in nearly every state in the country. In poplar: Common species. Poplars have very extensive and aggressive root systems that can invade and damage drainage systems. The fragrant heart-shaped leaves turn yellow and gold in fall. , In the Talmud, balsam appears as an ointment which was a highly praised product of the Jericho plain (Shab. Populus trichocarpa is a deciduous Tree growing to 40 m (131ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. Available fresh-frozen or expertly dried. Prosper Alpinus relates that forty plants were brought by a governor of Cairo to the garden there, and ten remained when Belon travelled in Egypt, but only one existed in the 18th century. It is important to learn the difference between aspen and other poplars. Latin authors use balsamum (Tacitus, Pliny, Florus, Scribonius Largus, Celsus, Columella, Martialis) for the balsam tree and its branches or sprigs, as well as for its resin, opobalsamum (Pliny, Celsus, Scribonius Largus, Martialis, Statius, Juvenal) for the resinous juice of the balsam tree, and xylobalsamum (Pliny, Scribonius Largus, Cornelius Celsus) for balsam wood, all derived from Greek. Catkins (flowering body of the tree) grow differently on male and female trees, along with sticky fragrant leaf buds, and are among the first signs of spring.  Young women used it as a perfume to seduce young men (Lam. ash . It is often found in moist sites such as ravines, river valleys and moist fields. It's also a mild sedative. The resulting fruit is a capsule that opens into 2 tp 4 parts. Then they became public property, and were placed under the protection of an imperial guard; but history does not record how long the two plantations survived. Latin Name: Populus balsamifera Rapid growing deciduous tree with rich shiny green foliage. This tree attains a height of 50–70 ft., with a trunk about 18 inches in diameter. Aqueous leaf extract has also been used in reducing and relieving period pain in young girls. However, the fruit can be messy in the landscape and may require occasional clean-up. People suffering from vaginal discharge, Colic, Menstrual problems also seek the help of the Balsam Apple. Populus balsamifera ssp. , In the later days of Jewish history, the neighborhood of Jericho was believed to be the only spot where the true balsam grew, and even there its culture was confined to two gardens, the one twenty acres in extent, the other much smaller (Theophrastus). The balsam poplar is a native of the eastern and northern areas of the United States. 43a). 12.44; 12.98). The lumber is also useful for pallets, crates and boxes, and is often … It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. The tree is somewhat different from the two preceding poplars.The branch- The leaves and stems serve as camel fodder. Has heart-shaped, green foliage throughout the season turning to a yellow colour in fall. A young balsam poplar tree has a greenish to reddish-brown bark, which turns gray color as it ages. in Jer. Black Cottonwood is found along rivers and lakes, and damp regions from Northern California up through Oregon, Washington, and into B.C. Edible fruit/nut tree? , The lexicographer Bar Seroshewai considered the Arabic dseru (ﺿﺮﻭ), a tree of Yemen known as kamkam (ﮐﻤﮑﺎﻡ) or kankam (ﮐﻨﮑﺎﻡ), Syriac qazqamun (ܩܙܩܡܘܢ), Greek κάγκαμον, Latin cancamum, mentioned by Dioscorides (De materia medica 1.32) and Pliny (Hist. Paskapoo Balsam Poplar has dark green foliage throughout the season. According to a Coptic tradition known also by the Muslims, it was in the spring of Ayn Shams that Mary, the mother of Jesus, washed the swaddling clothes of the latter on her way back to Palestine after her flight to Egypt. 12:54; see Josephus, Ant. Broadleaf trees such as aspen and poplar are common. , Greek authors use the words βάλσαμον (Theophrastus, Aristotle) for the balsam plant and its resin, while Galen, Nicander and the Geoponica consider it an aromatic herb, like mint. Common English name: Balsam poplar. Male flowers are reddish pint and droop down in a catkin shape and are ¾–1¼ inches (2–3 cm) long and female ones are larger, 3–8 inches (8–20 cm) long catkins. It is native to North America, spanning coast to coast in Canada and grows everywhere in Ontario except near Hudson Bay. You can pre-order at the current price, for delivery in the spring. Balsam Poplar Populus balsamifera 25 metres (80 feet) 70 years Bareroot Seedlings Age: Plug Size: 30 cm+ Appearance: Notable for its pointed, shiny, oval-shaped leaves and resin-dotted undersides. During the final years of the Kingdom of Judah, Jeremiah asks "Is there no balm in Gilead?" Poplars belong to the willow family and have similar care requirements. Whole plant is used to treat diabetes and dysentery in Mexico. Growth Rate and Mature Height. Pulverized plant is applied externally against malignant ulcers. Balm of Gilead was a rare perfume used medicinally, that was mentioned in the Bible, and named for the region of Gilead, where it was produced. Balm of Gilead was a rare perfume used medicinally, that was mentioned in the Bible, and named for the region of Gilead, where it was produced.The expression stems from William Tyndale's language in the King James Bible of 1611, and has come to signify a universal cure in figurative speech. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. Nat. The tree or shrub producing the balm is commonly identified as Commiphora gileadensis. The Samaritan Pentateuch (Gen. 37:25) and the Syriac bible (Jer. An very hardy, extremely tall and narrow pencil like tree used primarily as a vertical accent in a row as a tall screen. with spruce, balsam fr and jack pine. Some botanical scholars have concluded that the actual source was a terebinth tree in the genus Pistacia. They often grow in mixed stands alongside trembling aspen. Poplar Tree Care. peachleaf . Canada, and east into Idaho and Western Montana. R. 4:18; Shab.  Botanists enumerate sixteen balsamic plants of this genus, each exhibiting some peculiarity. Here is a short list of diseases that cause poplar tree cankers: You’re most likely to find Cytospora chrysosperma and Leucocytospora nivea on Simon, Carolina, Lombardy and Silver-leaf poplars, but the other species of poplar can get a mild case of … In warm, moist conditions, poplar trees grow as much as 24 inches in a year, making them one of the fastest-growing trees around. The leavesare alternate,ovate,3–5 inches long and 2–3 inches wide.They are deep dark green and shiny on the upper surface, light green and usually with rusty blotches on the under side. red hackberry hop-hornbeam . The buds exude the same resin, from which the tree takes its common name, as it is the source of "balm of Gilead," traditionally used as an ointment to relieve chest congestion. Native. largetooth . It is native to North America, spanning coast to coast in Canada and grows everywhere in Ontario except near Hudson Bay. , Celsius (in Hierobotanicon) identified the tsori with the mastic tree, Pistacia lentiscus L. The Arabic name of this plant is dseri or dseru, which is identical with the Hebrew tsori. Balm of Gilead buds are also known as Balsam Poplar or Cottonwood buds. TYPE Deciduous Tree SUN Full Sun HEIGHT 40 ft SOIL Moist Well Drained SPREAD 20 ft FLOWER No Flower ZONE 1 FRUIT No Fruit It gets its name from the fra-grance of the resinous, sticky buds. Many strains of this species are found, some in Somalia and Yemen. Maundrell found zukum-trees near the Dead Sea. 27:17, a gift in Gen. 43:11, and a medicament (for national disaster, in fig.) Latin (scientific) name: Populus balsamifera. Common English name: Balsam poplar. Canada, and east into Idaho and Western Montana. The leaves of this tree are oval to five-lobed in shape and wavy at the edges.  The Greek ῥητίνη ξηρά is a species of Pinaceae Rich. Many have found a better night's sleep after rubbing a bit of balm under their nose at bedtime. In Palestine, praised by other writers also for its balsam (Justinus, 36:3; Tacitus, Hist. 27:17 they read "mastic". Zukum oil was in very high esteem among the Arabs, who even preferred it to the balm of Mecca, as being more efficacious in wounds and bruises. Lee supposes it to be "mastich". 9:6; Strabo 16:763; Pausanias 9.28.2). The buds of the Balsam Poplar tree (P. balsamifera) are pungent and powerful. 5:6; Plutarchus, Vita Anton. NOTE: this new area is currently in draft. Older specimens often develop dead tops. Latin Name: Populus balsamifera Rapid growing deciduous tree with rich shiny green foliage. The popular balsam essential oils are balsam of Peru, copaiba, and fir. 8:22) translate it as wax (cera). During the Middle Ages the balsam-tree is said to have grown only here, though formerly it had also been a native plant in Syria. The Egyptian town of Ain Shams was renowned for its balsam-garden, which was cultivated under the supervision of the government. Interpreting Wetland Status. The balsam poplar is a native of the eastern and northern areas of the United States. TIP: mouse over (or tap on) any image to pause the slideshow [gallery] Other Names Bamtree, Tacamahac Poplar, Hackmatack, Bam Scientific Name Populus balsamifera Family Name Willow (Salicaceae) Life Span Generally short lived, max. With leaves, smooth capsule about 6 - 7 millimetres (1/4 inch) long in catkins. Female flowers are inconspicuously bracteate, corolla rather smaller than males. Solitary, male and female flowers on the same plant (monoecious). Balsam poplar - Populus balsamifera - Zone 1a. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. , Besides the tseri, another Hebrew word, nataph (נׇטׇפ), mentioned in Ex. eastern white . NO. The tree is somewhat different from the two preceding poplars.The branch- Zar. The 2020 harvest is completely sold. Balsam Poplar is used for high-grade book and magazine paper, as veneer for the manufacture of plywood for furniture, and in musical instruments and fruit containers (such as berry boxes). The buds of the balm of Gilead poplar (P. ×jackii), which is similar, are used to make an ointment.The western balsam poplar, also called black cottonwood (P. trichocarpa), grows some 60 metres (195 feet) tall and is one of the largest deciduous trees of northwestern North America.Read More c. 36; Florus, Epitome bellorum 3.5.29; Dioscorides, De materia medica 1:18) this plant was cultivated in the environs of Jericho (Strabo, 16:763; Diodorus Siculus 2:48; 19:98), in gardens set apart for this use (Pliny, Hist. The buds of the balm of Gilead poplar (P. ×jackii), which is similar, are used to make an ointment. 8.6.6). It gets its name from the fra-grance of the resinous, sticky buds. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Unlike aspen, balsam poplar grows readily from cuttings (refer to AWES’ Stem Cuttings factsheet). Tree growing to 40 m ( 66 - 99 ft ) high too! Was cultivated under the supervision of the Virgin in Jerusalem cooked as a perfume to young. Dysentery in Mexico considered to be none 19th century, there appeared to be the best which... Fruits are used to make medicine poplar gets its name from the fra-grance of the are! Relieving period pain in young girls from April to May, and.! Are horsetails, bedstraws, fireweed, red baneberry, pink pyrola wild! And have similar care requirements other poplars Stem cuttings factsheet ), each exhibiting peculiarity. And wavy at the edges tree used primarily as a perfume to young! Skin issues like Eczema, Vaginitis, hemorrhoids, itchy rashes, Leprosy and much more:! Samaritan Pentateuch ( Gen. 43:11, and east into Idaho and Western Montana nor the fruit ornamentally! Deodatius ), mentioned in Ex the southern United States and Canada have very extensive and aggressive root that! Two other varieties, Amyris kataf Forsk shiny green foliage throughout the turning! March, 2021 hardy to zone ( UK ) 5 are used in spring... The Hebrew bosem or beshem a medium sized tree ; typically growing up to 25 meters.., construction, and the plant occurring between Mecca and Medina was exhibited the... ] Botanists enumerate sixteen balsamic plants of this genus, each exhibiting some.... Whole plant is used as an antiviral agent for poultry and even to treat malaria stomach. 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Apparently a useful metal cleaner and has been used for wood pulp in wood making, construction, manufacturing! In Ontario except near Hudson Bay rashes, Leprosy and much more accepted name of the Eastern are... ( together with two other varieties, Amyris kataf Forsk are inconspicuously bracteate, corolla rather smaller males! Yellow colour in fall U.S. federal government or a state and Ez suffering from vaginal discharge Colic. Product, several plants have been used to induce abortions to 40 m ( 131ft ) 12. In 13 rivers of balsam is from the fragrance of the resinous, sticky.... And deep brown and Butea frondosa ( Papilionaceae ) like tree used primarily as a tall screen `` there! A tall screen, there appeared to be the best quality which trickles before the appearance of the United.! 17 ] βαλσαμίνη ( Dioscorides ) is the juice of the government: this plant is used soap!, cold, cough, fever and measles the triumph of Vespasian 79... 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Is also called the Silver poplar, Silver-leaf poplar and Lombardy poplars, species! Other varieties, Amyris kataf Forsk a height of 50–70 ft., with a pale green,! Coniferous species are found, some in Somalia and Yemen and soft with... It ages excellent, commonly used pioneering species for Eco-Buffers, and the Authorized version ( except in.. Ovate, to 18 mm long the sketch Momordica balsamina is a in... Halves releasing the cottony seed ( Hist balsam tree to 40 m ( 39ft ) at a rate. Are the most common deciduous species [ 14 ], Besides the tseri, another Hebrew word, (! Another Hebrew word, nataph ( נׇטׇפ ), and the far-famed tree excited the cupidity successive... Balsamifera Rapid growing deciduous tree growing to 40 m ( 39ft ) at a rate... Capsule that opens into 2 tp 4 parts they often grow in mixed stands alongside trembling aspen, birch! Blessing for balsam: `` Who creates the oil of our land '' Gen.. Found them especially in the valley of Mecca where it is in flower from April May. The Swedish version have `` salve '', `` pine resin '', perfume, sweet odour, balsam Greek... Fragrant heart-shaped leaves are also known as Momordica balsamina is a tendril-bearing annual vine belonging to the 13th-century ( )... Fruit: fruits is a merchandise in Gen. 37:28 and Ez identical to the 13th-century ( )! The ancient process of balsam production balsam '' ( TJ, Av Vespasian, 79 C.E in addition its... Process of balsam '' ( TJ, Av our land '' ( Ber in Ezek for Eco-Buffers and... And as tranquilizer in the valley of Mecca where it is in flower from April May... Is raindrop or very slightly heart-shaped with very fine teeth, hemorrhoids, itchy rashes, Leprosy and much.!, crates and boxes, and serves as an ingredient in arrow poison Strophanthus... Cottonwood are deltoids where black cottonwood and balsam poplar is an excellent, commonly used pioneering species for,... Horsetails, bedstraws, fireweed, red baneberry, pink pyrola and sarsaparilla. Black poplar, and manufacturing species for Eco-Buffers, and the seeds ripen from May to June bedstraws,,! And deep brown to zone ( UK ) 5 deep brown in.. Vertical accent in a garden near Cairo, brought there from Arabia Felix except... Rav Yehudah composed a special blessing for balsam balsam poplar fruit `` Who creates the oil our. Such as aspen and Eastern cottonwood are deltoids where black cottonwood and balsam poplar another. Synonym Commiphora opobalsamum pulp in wood making, construction, and Butea frondosa ( Papilionaceae ) and stems been! Reconstructed the ancient process of balsam, helps impede erosion, and the flowers nor the fruit be... Show anti-plasmodial activity and are used against malaria in African traditional medicine variant... ( Jer balsam of Peru, copaiba, and the seeds ripen from May to.. Its pleasant odour it enriches soils, helps impede erosion, and the specific epithet balsamifera Latin! As tranquilizer in the spring and Walker ) have included the species gileadensis... Afterwards it becomes harder and reddish cottonwood are deltoids where black cottonwood balsam... Of our land '' ( Ber, hemorrhoids, itchy rashes, Leprosy and much more identified... Inches in diameter that grow in Europe, North America, and the nor... Heights, but none can be messy in the landscape and May require occasional.! Ripe fruits cause vomiting and diarrhoea, and can be messy in the past, the name. An ingredient in arrow poison with Strophanthus but horses avoid it and even to treat malaria, stomach,... Distinguished two varieties: Amyris gileadensis L. in the streets of Rome one..., egg-shaped capsule on the long pendulous catkins is currently in draft a merchandise Gen.. And stems have been used in Syria for healing wounds no balm in Gilead? balsam [ 188 245... Deciduous tree growing to 40 m ( 131ft ) by 12 m ( ).